国语·周语上……

厉王虐,国人谤王。召公告曰:”民不堪命矣!”王怒,得卫巫,使监谤者。以告,则杀之。国人莫敢言,道路以目。

王喜,告召公曰:”吾能弭谤矣,乃不敢言。”召公曰:”是障之也。防民之口,甚于防川。川壅而溃,伤人必多。民亦如之。是故为川者决之使导,为民者宣之使言。故天子听政,使公卿至于列士献诗,瞽献曲,史献书,师箴,瞍赋,蒙诵,百工谏,庶人传语,近臣尽规,亲戚补察,瞽、史教诲,耆、艾修之,而后王斟酌焉,是以事行而不悖。民之有口也,犹土之有山川也,财用于是乎出;犹其有原隰衍沃也,衣食于是乎生。口之宣言也,善败于是乎兴。行善而备败,其所以阜财用衣食者也。夫民虑之于心而宣之于口,成而行之,胡可壅也?若壅其口,其与能几何?”

王弗听,于是国人莫敢言。三年,乃流王于彘。

——选自《国语·周语上》

About thomaszhu

"In the designs of Providence. There are no mere coincidences."
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